Annotated Bibliography- Heavy Metal and Cultures

Annotated Bibliography- Heavy Metal and Cultures
This annotated bibliography shows current research on Heavy Metal and cultures.
Aussaguel, François., Recours, Robin., & Trujillo, Nick. “Metal Music and Mental Health In France.” Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry (2009). 473-488.

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In this article, the aspect of metal music culture has been described as going beyond violence and suicide in some cases. The article includes a summary of relationship between music and psychology in a greater extent. This study covers the participants drawn from diverse backgrounds across France a large sample size. The author of this article gives an insight into the correlation between music enjoyment and psychological behavior of an individual at that moment and its significance to their mental health. In order to facilitate the research, the author hired the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, a widely used instruments for measuring depression and anxiety for the exercise. The victims of the study who are the Heavy Metal  music fans were examined for their characteristics where the scores were compared to determine serious, real, or may be insane factors in them. In metal music culture, qualified variables gender, age, education, identity and motivation. Researchers identify their reasons for listening to metal music and this music derives feelings. The results show that only a small number of people who listen to metal music and a lot of people think that violence is more likely to indulge in alcohol or drug-related violence across the idea before. In their findings, the music can help people relax. In essence, this study adds facts and liquidity to my research topic, and helps in deriving facts about metal music and its associated culture. Therefore, this can be graded as an authoritative source because it uses primary data, which is, from those who indulge in such essential musical perception.
Baker, Felicity., &  Bor, William. “Can Music Preference Indicate Mental Health Status In Young People?” Australasian Psychiatry (2008): 284-288.
This study investigated the heavy music genre psychological impact many aspects of young adults. The researchers focused on suicidal thoughts and actions, and the actions of the degree of heavy metal fans emerging ideological violence affected. As established, there is no relationship between heavy metal and suicide. In addition, heavy metals accumulate in the potential positive impact on youth suicide. Nature of the violence, however, researchers have proposed heavy music fans accounted for in its violence. I think this is a resourceful research, because it would be a bit of purpose, other studies, which show the opposite. Essentially, the author illustrates the behavior of metal music lyrics embedded in music or music selection has a tendency toward such behavior on behalf of musical effect clinical problem. First, the paper describes the research of metal music to listen to while connecting them to conduct mental health and adolescent music preferences. This will help to provide different views on heavy metal music and culture. In short, there is a sense of authority in this article, published in the Australian Journal of Psychiatry
Epstein Jonathan, S. Adolescents and Their Music: If it is Too Loud You are Old. New York: Garland Publishing, 1994. Print.
The from this source is the first volume in the series to New Directions in Sociology. The author assembles fourteen essays and an annotated bibliography presenting current views of popular music. It is an attempt to define adolescence and youth subculture, and how popular music, places itself in that culture. I will focus on an article written by Kotaraba and Berry who examine different types of popular music considered causing depravity. They focus on rap music and heavy metal. The author examines in particular a metal group called Metallica that shows its role in helping youth find meaning and something they can relate to while revealing the post modernization of the current society. As indicated, Metallica acts as a cultural resource for its fans (142). This article  will be used in this research to show how metal music acts as a cultural resource for its fans. In essence, it has its own principles, values, dress code, behaviors among what other consider as the backbone for any culture. This is an authoritative book as the author is a sociological scholar. Therefore, this source will act as a base mark in the link between music and culture in my research paper.
Hodgetts, Darrin., & Snell, Dave. “Heavy Metal, Identity and The Social Negotiation Of A Community Of Practice.” Journal Of Community & Applied Social Psychology(2007): 430-445.
The author in this  article examines the connection between the community and the world of heavy metal music. The author makes a point that irrespective of where a metal music fan comes from, they are one in the culture of music. There are no distinctions in behavior in terms of varying socioeconomic factors as a metal fan is always a metal fan. In essence, there is no Hispanic, no White, no Black, and no difference as behaviors of one group represent behaviors of others in that group. For instance, violence is not, found in a particular group, but if present then it cuts across all metal fans. The relevance of this resource to my research topic is giving facts in the essence of change in attitudes of the individuals who have embraced heavy metal music culture. This shows that, heavy metal music fans have one thing in common of disregarding socioeconomic barriers in their quest for this kind of music.
 
Lacourse, E., Claes, M. & Villeneuve, M. “Heavy metal music and adolescent suicidal risk.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 30.3 (2001): 321-332.
The author in this article examines the relationship between heavy metal music and the suicidal risks in adolescence. In carrying this out, the researchers used 275 French adolescents to examine different themes including family relationships, suicide risk, alienation musical preference, drug use, and heavy music related behaviors. They provide a table, showing comparisons between of the themes with gender and age. In their findings, some adolescents deeply engrained in the metal music culture do have some suicidal tendencies while others worship bands and tend to listen, such music genres for vicarious release. While a better, part of the articles details the findings from the study, the other portion commits on stating past research. The researchers make use of Roe’s Uses-Gratification theory and Arnett’s Alienation theory to expound on media and socialization purposes. The relevance of this article to my paper lies on the fact that, it shades light on the relationship between heavy metal music and its relationships on the rising number of suicide cases committed by teenagers. In addition to this, the author shades light on many issues surrounding women in this music culture. This article offers a balanced view as the authors examine their findings and compare with previous research thus giving the article validity.
Labbé, Elise., Schmidt, Nicholas “Coping With Stress: The Effectiveness Of Different Types Of Music.” Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback (2007). 163-168.
The author in this article examines four different groups of music including self-select, classical, none, and metal and their connections with variances in stress, anxiety andanger. As hypothesized, listening to self-selected and classical music after being exposed to stress should result in reductions in anger, anxiety, nervous system arousal, and heightened relaxation as compared to listening to metal music or just sitting in silence. Metal music scored highest in increasing heart rate and served as the only music that increased anxiety among college student’s participants. However, it reduced stress and relaxed patients in different studies. These findings are helpful in my research topic as it shows that the society has embraced this music genre perhaps to reduce stress. Men and women, drawn from different cultures showed similar results implying that such music serves a similar purpose regardless of one’s culture. This proves a point that metal music helps to reduce stress for every fan. In evaluating this source, it is clear that, the contents carried therein  will help my research in justifying how heavy metal music fans can cope with stress which results from emotions from the music.

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Took, Kevin J., Weiss, David S. “The Relationship Between Heavy Metal And Rap Music And Adolescent Turmoil: Real Or Artifact?.” Adolescence (1994). 613
This article takes a rather different approach to the study of heavy music and culture as it zeros down on male teenagers aged between 11-15 years. The view presented is different from other studies as it established that young children are highly susceptible to interpret heavy metal music as violent and resort to negative aspects such as violent actions, poor social performance, and poor grades. Children captured in this study, tended to shy away from the society and hang with peers who follow this music culture making a sort of “religion.” Although complicated,   to observe relevance to metal music  the study is another breakthrough in the study of violent thoughts  showing that they do not emerge from the music itself, rather from psychological factors. I will use this view in conjunction with other articles to disapprove the heavy metal aspect of influence on fans. In all, the article is authoritative having been, published in a Journal of adolescents.
Weinstein Deeana. Heavy Metal: The Music and Its Culture. Amsterdam: Da Capo Press. 200. Print.
The author argues that the persistence of heavy music, which outruns other music genres attributes to the formation of a subculture where for instance, heavy metal fans have formed a youth community distinct and marginalized from the society. It is a masculine community with shared norms, values, and behaviors. The author shows that a code of authenticity guides it the heavy metal culture. The author emphasizes all this aspects in all the eight chapters beginning with a study of metal, heavy metal a beast that refuses to die and making the music metal gods. He also expounds on the code of authentic in a subsequent chapter including digging the music, transmitting the music, the concert, maligning the music and ends with metal in the 90s. As the author finds metal fans are scattered across the world even in the Arab and Muslim cultures. I find this information resourceful as it shows that the established metal code separates it from the society and a metal fan must demonstrate deep loyalty to the music. I will draw heavily from the eight chapters presented in the book. In my view, the author understands the various aspects surrounding heavy metal music cultures, which essentially validates his work.
 
 
Works Cited
Aussaguel, François., Recours, Robin., & Trujillo, Nick. “Metal Music and Mental Health In France.” Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry (2009). 473-488.
Baker, Felicity., &  Bor, William. “Can Music Preference Indicate Mental Health Status In Young People?” Australasian Psychiatry (2008): 284-288.
Epstein Jonathan, S. Adolescents and Their Music: If it is Too Loud You are Old. New York: Garland Publishing, 1994. Print.
Hodgetts, Darrin., & Snell, Dave. “Heavy Metal, Identity and The Social Negotiation Of A Community Of Practice.” Journal Of Community & Applied Social Psychology(2007): 430-445.
Lacourse, E., Claes, M. & Villeneuve, M. “Heavy metal music and adolescent suicidal risk.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 30.3 (2001): 321-332.
Labbé, Elise., Schmidt, Nicholas “Coping With Stress: The Effectiveness Of Different Types Of Music.” Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback (2007). 163-168.
Took, Kevin J., Weiss, David S. “The Relationship Between Heavy Metal And Rap Music And Adolescent Turmoil: Real Or Artifact?.” Adolescence (1994). 613
Weinstein Deeana. Heavy Metal: The Music and Its Culture. Amsterdam: Da Capo Press. 200. Print.

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