Provide examples of experimental and nonexperimental research design. Contrast the levels of control applied to each.

Provide examples of experimental and nonexperimental research design. Contrast the levels of control applied to each.

Use the practice problem and two quantitative, peer-reviewed research articles you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.

Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two quantitative researchough studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part II” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, and reference content from the study in your responses.
Use the practice problem and two quantitative, peer-reviewed research articles you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.
In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two quantitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.
AttachmentsNRS-433V-RS3-ResearchCritiqueGuidelinesPart II.d

Describe sampling theory and provide examples to illustrate your definition. Discuss generalizability as it applies to nursing research.

Describe sampling theory and provide examples to illustrate your definition. Discuss generalizability as it applies to nursing research.

After learning about the types of malpractice insurance available as well as the costs, in a three-four page paper (plus references) describe whether you think malpractice insurance is necessary and who should pay for it.

Instructions

  1. After learning about the types of malpractice insurance available as well as the costs, in a three-four page paper (plus references) describe whether you think malpractice insurance is necessary and who should pay for it.
  2. When you have completed your assignment, save a copy for yourself and submit a copy to your instructor using the 4.3 Dropbox by day seven.

Click here to access the Dropbox.

Assessment Criteria

 
Assessed Item
Points
 
Discussion of different types of malpractice insurance
20
 
Discussion of costs of insurance, benefit of insurance, risk of not carrying coverage
35
 
Is malpractice insurance necessary, if so who should pay for it?
35
 
Accurate spelling, grammar; references (minimum of five) and  APA format
10
 
Total Points
100

Pathophysiology Impact and Patient Factors

Women are more prone than men to experience UTIs, possibly because of  urethral irritation during sexual intercourse or because they have a  shorter urethra, making it easy for microorganism transmission  (Berkowitz, 2007).  Microorganisms mostly associated with a female  diagnosis would be E.Coli and microorganisms primarily related to a male  diagnosis would be proteus species.  Disorders with lower UTIs might  be, urethritis/dysuria, and cystitis. Diseases with upper UTIs might be,  renal, pyelonephritis, and renal abscess (Barkley, 2018).  Contributing  patient factors might be age, prior UTI history, pregnancy,  immunocompromised patients, urinary catheter usage, and poorly  controlled diabetes (Healthline, 2019).
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnostic test for lower UTIs are urinalysis, esterase detection on  dipstick, and presence of nitrate by dipstick.  Treatment for lower UTIs  are ciprofloxacin, augmentin, bactrim (commonly), additionally  amoxicillin, macrobid, levaquin, monurol, and primsol maybe prescribed.   The preferred treatment course is 3-days instead of 7-day  to maximize  benefits and minimize treatment drawbacks (Barkley, 2018).
Diagnostic test for upper UTIs are ESR elevation, and white blood cell  casts appearing on urinalysis.  Treatment for upper UTIs is Bactrim,  Augmentin, Cipro, tobramycin, or gentamicin.  For patients with upper  UTIs experiencing nausea and vomiting, hospitalization may be necessary  (Barkley, 2018).

Pathophysiology of Upper Urinary Tract Infection

The  upper urinary tract consists of the kidneys and ureters. Infection in  the upper urinary tract generally affects the kidneys (pyelonephritis),  which can cause fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and other severe  symptoms. It can be caused by an infection that has made its way up the  urinary tract and can become a complicated infection from an  obstruction, such as benign prostatic hypertrophy, and calculi.
Similarities and Differences
Although  the location of the infection is different many of the signs and  symptoms can present the same; fever, dysuria, frequency, or urgency may  be present in both. Many lower tract UTIs may be asymptomatic, and in upper tract UTIs, the symptoms may be more severe, including nausea and vomiting, flank pain, or costovertebral angle  tenderness. Finding the underlying cause and treatment is the same;  antibiotics for bacterial infections and analgesics for pain control.  Intravenous antibiotics are preferred for upper tract UTIs in an attempt to preserve organ damage, but mat be converted to oral after initial treatment.

Pathophysiology of Lower Urinary Tract Infection

A lower urinary tract infection involves the path of least resistance or the most opportunistic point of entry for an organism, usually bacterial and involves the urethra and the bladder. An infection in the urethra or bladder (cystitis) are considered a lower urinary tract infection. The microbial spectrum of UTIs consists mainly of Escherichia coli, with occasional other species of Enterobacteriaceae such as Proteus mirabilis and Klebsiella pneumoniae and other bacteria such as Staphylococcus saprophyticus (Yamamichi, Shigemura, Kitagawa, and Fujisawa, 2018).

apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Refer to "Communicable Disease Chain," "Chain of Infection," and the CDC website for assistance when completing this assignment.

Write a paper (2,000-2,500 words) in which you apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Refer to “Communicable Disease Chain,” “Chain of Infection,” and the CDC website for assistance when completing this assignment.
Communicable Disease Selection

  1. Chickenpox
  2. Tuberculosis
  3. Influenza
  4. Mononucleosis
  5. Hepatitis B
  6. HIV
  7. Ebola
  8. Measles
  9. Polio
  10. Influenza

Epidemiology Paper Requirements

  1. Describe the chosen communicable disease, including causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment, and the demographic of interest (mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence). Is this a reportable disease? If so, provide details about reporting time, whom to report to, etc.
  2. Describe the social determinants of health and explain how those factors contribute to the development of this disease.
  3. Discuss the epidemiologic triangle as it relates to the communicable disease you have selected. Include the host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), and environmental factors. Are there any special considerations or notifications for the community, schools, or general population?
  4. Explain the role of the community health nurse (case finding, reporting, data collection, data analysis, and follow-up) and why demographic data are necessary to the health of the community.
  5. Identify at least one national agency or organization that addresses the communicable disease chosen and describe how the organizations contribute to resolving or reducing the impact of disease.
  6. Discuss a global implication of the disease. How is this addressed in other countries or cultures? Is this disease endemic to a particular area? Provide an example.

A minimum of three peer-reviewed or professional references is required.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Describe two ways that researchers attempt to control extraneous variables. Support your answer with peer-reviewed articles.

 Compare independent variables, dependent variables, and extraneous variables. Describe two ways that researchers attempt to control extraneous variables. Support your answer with peer-reviewed articles.

Describe the "levels of evidence" and provide an example of the type of practice change that could result from each.

 Describe the “levels of evidence” and provide an example of the type of practice change that could result from each.