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DISCUSSION BOARD

Discussion: Starting a Fitness Program

“Americans can substantially improve their health and quality of life by including moderate amounts of physical activity in their daily lives.” —Dr. Audrey Manley, Surgeon General of the United States, 1999

Most people know that physical activity is necessary for good health. Surveys indicate that women and men of all ages, races, and socioeconomic backgrounds believe that regular fitness is a key component of a healthy lifestyle. The majority of adults, however, do not meet the physical activity recommendation of 30 minutes of moderate-intensity daily exercise. The public is often confused regarding what type and amount of physical activity is recommended for health, fitness, and weight control.

According to the Surgeon General of the United States (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1999), a moderate amount of physical activity includes 30 minutes of brisk walking or raking leaves, 15 minutes of running, or 45 minutes of playing volleyball on most, if not all, days of the week. One of the benefits of the physical activity guidelines is the flexibility in how they may be applied. The key is to elevate the heart rate and/or engage the muscles in some form of physical activity, not the precise form of the activity. From the professional athlete to someone with limited mobility, physical activity is equally important for health and longevity.

To prepare for this Discussion:

  • Consider your current physical fitness routine.
  • Review Chapter 1, “Understanding Fitness and Wellness” and pay particular attention to the benefits of participating in a fitness program.
  • Review the article “Physical Inactivity: The Biggest Public Health Problem of the 21st Century.” Focus on the benefits of increased physical activity and the consequences of physical inactivity.
  • Review Chapter 2, “General Principles of Exercise for Health and Fitness” and consider your personal fitness goals.
  • Consider the different obstacles that might prevent you from participating in a fitness program and strategies you might implement to overcome these obstacles.
  • By Day 4Post a brief description of your current fitness routine and two personal fitness goals. Then describe two personal benefits of engaging in a fitness program. Finally, provide two strategies for overcoming obstacles that might prevent you from achieving your goals

_______________________________________________________________________________

RESOURCES

Powers, S. K., & Dodd, S. L. (2017). Total fitness & wellness: The mastering health edition (7th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson.

  • Chapter 1, “Understanding Fitness and Wellness”
  • Chapter 2, “General Principles of Exercise for Health and Fitness”

Blair, S. (2009). Physical inactivity: The biggest public health problem of the 21st century. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 1–2.

Blair, S., Physical inactivity: The biggest public health problem of the 21st century, in British Journal of Sports Medicine. Copyright 2009 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. Used with permission from BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. via the Copyright Clearance Center.

Canadian Association of Sports Sciences (1986). Canadian Standardized Test of Fitness (CSTF) Operations Manual: Norms for muscular endurance using the sit-up test. Ottawa, Fitness and Amateur Sport, Government of Canada.

Canadian Association of Sports Sciences. (1986). Canadian Standardized Test of Fitness (CSTF) Operations Manua: Norms for muscular endurance using the sit-up test (3rd. ed). Ottowa: Fitness and Amateur Sport, Government of Canada.

Humphrey, R. (2007). Activity and fitness in health risk. ACSM’s Health and Fitness Journal, 11(2), 36–37.

Humphrey, R. Activity and fitness in health risk. Copyright 2007 by ACSM’s Health and Fitness Journal. Used by permission of Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Journals via the Copyright Clearance Center.

The President’s Challenge. (n.d.). Adult fitness test. Retrieved June 11, 2012, from http://www.adultfitnesstest.org/

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2012). Healthy People 2020: Leading health indicators—Nutrition, physical activity, and obesity. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/leading-health-indicators/2020-lhi-topics/Nutrition-Physical-Activity-and-Obesity

Required Media

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Fitness activities: Baseline fitness assessment. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 1 minute.

Accessible player –Downloads–Download Video w/CCDownload AudioDownload Transcript

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Fitness activities: Muscular endurance assessments. Baltimore, MD: Author

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 3 minutes.

Accessible player –Downloads–Download Video w/CCDownload AudioDownload Transcript

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Fitness activities: Assessing flexibility. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 1 minute.

Accessible player –Downloads–Download Video w/CCDownload AudioDownload Transcript

If you cannot view the media/videos, switch to use Mozilla Firefox or another browser (other than Internet Explorer).

Optional Resources

Abraham, J., Feldman, R., Nyman, J., & Barleen, N. (2011, Fall). What factors influence participation in an exercise-focused, employer-based wellness program? Inquiry, 48(3), 221–241.

Patel, A. V., Bernstein, L., Deka, A., Feigelson, H. S., Campbell, P. T., Gapstur, S. M.,…Thun, M. J. (2010). Leisure time spent sitting in relation to total mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 172(4), 419–429.

MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2012). Exercise and physical fitness. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/exerciseandphysicalfitness.html

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2011). Physical activity guidelines. Retrieved from http://health.gov/paguidelines/


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