We are doing a single-stage, continuous steam distillation of 1-octanol. The unit operates at 760 mm Hg. The steam distillation is operated with liquid water present. The distillate vapor is condensed and two immiscible liquid layers form. The entering organic stream is 90.0 mol% octanol and the rest is nonvolatile compounds. Flow rate of feed is 1.0 kmol/h. We desire to recover 95% of the octanol. Vapor pressure data for water are given. This data can be fit to an Antoine equation form with C = 273.16. The vapor pressure of 1-octanol is predicted by the Antoine equation: Where VP is vapor pressure in mm Hg, and T is in Celsius. a. Find the operating temperature of the still. b. Find the octanol mole frac in the vapor leaving the still. c. Find the moles of octanol recovered and the moles of water condensed in the distillate product.
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