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Study guide Quiz 1 chapters 1-4 chapter 1 The leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States is ___________________________use. Reference: Introduction 1.1 The leading causes of death in the United States today are largely___________________ related. Reference: Leading Health Problems in the United States The most prevalent degenerative diseases in the United States are those of the ___________________ system. Reference: Leading Health Problems in the United States Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis are diseases of the _____________________________ system. Reference: Leading Health Problems in the United States The leading cause of fatal automobile accidents in the United States is ________________________________. Reference: Leading Health Problems in the United States 1.4 Regular ___________________has been shown to improve mood, cognitive function, creativity, and short-term memory. Reference: Importance of Increased Physical Activity 1.7 Do most people think far enough ahead to change unhealthy behaviors before they incur a major health problem?_____ Reference: Wellness Which wellness dimension is characterized by an ability to relate well to others, both within and outside the family unit? _________________________________ Reference: Wellness 1.10 Scientific evidence links participation in fitness and wellness programs to better health as well as to _____________________________________________________________________________________________________. Reference: Benefits of a Comprehensive Fitness Program With regard to brain function, regular physical activity is the most important lifestyle change a person can make to prevent __________________________ later in life. Reference: Benefits of a Comprehensive Fitness Program Low levels of ________________________have been linked to depression, and exercise has repeatedly been shown to be effective in treating depression. Reference: Benefits of a Comprehensive Fitness Program 1.11 Today- biggest health challenge is teaching people how to take control of their _____________________________________________ and adhere to a positive lifestyle. Reference: The Wellness Challenge for Our Day 1.12 Your pulse should have what type of rhythm________________________ Reference: Assessment of Resting Heart Rate and Blood Pressure chapter 2 2.1 Nothing adds more sugar to the American diet than _______________________________. REFERENCES: Living in a Toxic Health and Fitness Environment At restaurants, people are most likely to base their food choices on _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ REFERENCES: Living in a Toxic Health and Fitness Environment 2.3 In adopting a new habit, __________________ is critical. REFERENCES: Your Brain and Your Habits 2.5 What “barrier to change” best applies to tanners who focus on the short-term attractiveness of bronze skin and disregard the long-term risk of skin cancer? ____________________________________________________ REFERENCES: Barriers to Change 2.7 People with an external locus of control believe that _________________________________________________________________________________ REFERENCES: Motivation and Locus of Control 2.8 Precontemplation is the first stage in the process of willful change. a. True b. False REFERENCES: Changing Behavior The action stage of the transtheoretical model of change requires _____________________________________________________________________________________ REFERENCES: Changing Behavior In the transtheoretical model, which theory holds that behavior change is influenced by the environment, self-efficacy, and characteristics of the behavior itself?______________________________________________________________ REFERENCES: Changing Behavior 2.9 Which process of change applies to a woman who quits smoking after seeing an aunt die of lung cancer? _____________________________________________________________________________________ REFERENCES: The Process of Change Tracking your daily food consumption—and thus identifying sources of excessive calories and fat in the diet—is an example of ___________________________. REFERENCES: The Process of Change 2.10 The “R” in SMART goals stands for:_____________________________________ REFERENCES: Techniques of Change If your goal is unreachable, despite your full commitment and best efforts, you should reassess the goal. True or false REFERENCES: Techniques of Change Goals that are _________________________ set you up for failure, discouragement, and loss of interest. REFERENCES: Techniques of Change Chapter 3 3.1 Vitamins, minerals, and water are the fuel nutrients for the body. a. True b. False REFERENCES: Nutrients Excess glucose in the blood is converted to fat and stored in _______________________ REFERENCES: Nutrients Increased fiber intake decreases the risk for coronary heart disease. a. True b. False REFERENCES: Nutrient Which substance occurs naturally in fruits and honey and is converted to glucose in the body? ______________________________ REFERENCES: Nutrients Which function does soluble fiber serve? Helps to lower________________________. REFERENCES: Nutrients What lipoprotein level is associated with a lower risk for coronary heart disease and is called the “good cholesterol?” __________________ REFERENCES: Nutrients Complete proteins contain all the essential amino acids and are typically of what origin?____________________ REFERENCES: Nutrients What are the functions of minerals?____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ REFERENCES: Nutrients What lipoprotein level is associated with a lower risk for coronary heart disease and is called the “good cholesterol?” __________________ REFERENCES: Nutrients Complete proteins contain all the essential amino acids and are typically of what origin?____________________ REFERENCES: Nutrients What are the functions of minerals?____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ REFERENCES: Nutrients 3.2 Which standard refers to the daily amount of a nutrient that is considered adequate to meet the known nutrient needs of nearly all healthy people in the United States?_________________________________________________________ REFERENCES: Balancing the Diet 3.3 Vegetarians, especially vegans, should be aware of which nutrition concern?________________________________ References: Achieving a Balanced Diet What ingredients raise yogurt to the level of a “super food”?_______________________________ REFERENCES: Achieving a Balanced Diet Probiotics are ___________________ credited with rebalancing naturally present intestinal bacteria. REFERENCES: Achieving a Balanced Diet 3.6 Studies have shown that vitamin ___________ may offer benefits against heart disease, cancer, and cataracts. References: Nutrient Supplementation 3.9 ________________ supplementation is popular among bodybuilders. REFERENCES: Nutrition for Athletes 3.10 Postmenopausal women are more susceptible to osteoporosis due to a loss of_________________________ REFERENCES: Bone Health and Osteoporosis 3.11 Iron is a key element of which blood component?______________________________ REFERENCES: Iron deficiency I Chapter 4 ___________________________________ mass is equivalent to body weight minus body fat. REFERENCES: Introduction “Healthy weight” is another term for __________________________________________ body weight REFERENCES: Introduction 4.1 The minimal amount of body fat needed for normal physiological functions is known as ___________________________. References: Essential and Storage Fat The percentage of essential fat is higher for women because it includes _______________________________ fat. REFERENCES: Essential and Storage Fat Which element of body composition serves as an energy substrate for metabolism?_______________________ REFERENCES: Essential and Storage Fat Storage fat is found within tissues such as______________________________________________ REFERENCES: Essential and Storage Fat 4.2 _____________________________ weighing is difficult to administer to aquaphobic people. REFERENCES: Techniques to Assess Body Composition 9. Which method of body composition measurement is most frequently performed during research and by medical facilities?________________________ REFERENCES: Techniques to Assess Body Composition 4.3 As a technique to determine thinness and excessive fatness,_____________ incorporates height and weight to estimate critical fat values at which the risk for disease increases. REFERENCES: Metrics Used to Determine Recommended Body Weight Post-menopausal women have an increased tendency to store fat in the ______________________________________ REFERENCES: Metrics Used to Determine Recommended Body Weight Body mass index (BMI) is used almost exclusively to determine _______________________________________________associated with excessive body weight. REFERENCES: Metrics Used to Determine Recommended Body Weight A low risk for chronic disease is in the BMI range of __________-___________. REFERENCES: Metrics Used to Determine Recommended Body Weight Evidence is mounting that obese individuals with excessive fat located in the________________________________ area are clearly at higher risk for heart disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes. REFERENCES: Metrics Used to Determine Recommended Body Weight 4.4 Normal physiological functions can be seriously impaired when the percent body fat falls below _________________percent for women.. REFERENCES: Determining Recommended Body Weight Your recommended body weight is computed based on the selected health fitness or high physical fitness fat percentage for your ______________________ and_________________________. REFERENCES: Determining Recommended Body Weight 4.5 With respect to weight, if current trends hold, the American adult will average a gain of how many pounds per year? ____________________________________________________ REFERENCES: Importance of Regular Body Composition Assessment


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