Nursing health care examination


1. At the arterial end of capillaries, fluid moves from the intravascular space into the interstitial space because the (Points : 2)

2. Physiologic pH is maintained around 7.4 because bicarbonate (HCO3) and carbonic acid (H2CO3) exist in a ratio of (Points : 2)

3. When thirst is experienced, how are osmoreceptors activated? (Points : 2)

4. Chvostek sign and Trousseau sign indicate (Points : 2)

5. Which are indications of dehydration? (Points : 2)

6. In hyperkalemia, cardiac rhythm changes are a direct result of (Points : 2)

7. Water movement between the intracellular fluid compartment and the extracellular compartment is primarily a function of (Points : 2)

8. In tuberculosis, the body walls off the bacilli in a tubercle by stimulating (Points : 2)

9. Pulmonary edema usually begins at a pulmonary capillary wedge pressure or left atrial pressure of _____ mm Hg. (Points : 2)

10. Which inflammatory mediators are produced in asthma? (Points : 2)

11. The most successful treatment for chronic asthma begins with (Points : 2)

12. Which pleural abnormality involves a site of pleural rupture that act as a one-way valve, permitting air to enter on inspiration but preventing its escape by closing during expiration? (Points : 2)

13. _____ is a fulminant form of respiratory failure characterized by acute lung inflammation and diffuse alveolocapillary injury. (Points : 2)

14. In ARDS, alveoli and respiratory bronchioles fill with fluid as a result of the (Points : 2)

15. Clinical manifestations that include unexplained weight loss, dyspnea on exertion, use of accessory muscles, and tachypnea with prolonged expiration are indicative of (Points : 2)

16. Clinical manifestations of pulmonary hypertension include (Points : 2)

17. Dyspnea is not a result of (Points : 2)

18. High altitudes may produce hypoxemia through (Points : 2)

19. Chest wall compliance in infants is _____ in adults. (Points : 2)

20. What is the primary cause of RDS of the newborn? (Points : 2)

21. An accurate description of childhood asthma is that it is a(n) (Points : 2)

22. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by a(n) (Points : 2)

23. Which of the following statements about the advances in the treatment of RDS of the newborn is incorrect? (Points : 2)

24. Which of the following types of croup is most common? (Points : 2)

25. Which immunoglobulin is present in childhood asthma? (Points : 2)


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