Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnostic test for lower UTIs are urinalysis, esterase detection on dipstick, and presence of nitrate by dipstick. Treatment for lower UTIs are ciprofloxacin, augmentin, bactrim (commonly), additionally amoxicillin, macrobid, levaquin, monurol, and primsol maybe prescribed. The preferred treatment course is 3-days instead of 7-day to maximize benefits and minimize treatment drawbacks (Barkley, 2018).
Diagnostic test for upper UTIs are ESR elevation, and white blood cell casts appearing on urinalysis. Treatment for upper UTIs is Bactrim, Augmentin, Cipro, tobramycin, or gentamicin. For patients with upper UTIs experiencing nausea and vomiting, hospitalization may be necessary (Barkley, 2018).