then read this short essay: “
Could the American Revolution Have Happened Without the Age of Enlightenment
?” Finally, before beginning the assignment below, work through the slideshow. The first few slides will feel like review, but it does eventually focus on the American Revolution.
you will find a one-page overview of the revolution and an introduction to Napoleon.
Begin with “
Origins of the French Revolution
.” (If the link doesn’t work, click
then select “Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History” and then choose Lecture 11. When you finish reading, return to the Table of Contents and proceed to read the next two lectures.)
- “The French Revolution: The Moderate Stage, 1789-1792″
- “The French Revolution: The Radical Stage, 1792-1794″
by reading an overview of
(read pages 5 to 7).
Slave Resistance: A Caribbean Study
. Read all three essays: “Overview Essay,” “Resistance,” and “Social Triggers.”
: a biography of
provides a broad overview of the wars for independence that spread through Spanish occupied Latin and South America. Read “
Bolivar & San Martin
Peru, Bolivia, Mexico
,” and “
End of Empire
.” Continue reading
for a more complete explanation of the people and forces behind these revolutions.
: biography of
Provides comprehensive information on the revolution with a range of topical essays, extensive collections of primary-source texts, as well as images, maps, timelines, and songs. See
Imaging the French Revolution
for seven essays analyzing images of crowd violence during the French Revolution.
(George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, and City University of New York, New York, NY)
Offers excerpts from many primary source documents including
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Female Citizen
(Fordham University, New York, NY)
Provides primary source texts from the revolution including Cahiers from 1789, the Tennis Court Oath, the
Civil Constitution of the Clergy,
and Documents of the National Convention.
(Hanover College, Hanover, IN)
Provides a comprehensive chronology of events from 1787 to 1799, including an explanation of the revolutionary calendar, detailed accounts of legislative milestones, and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte.
(University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV)
Offers a lesson based on primary sources that explores the British reaction to the events that began the French Revolution.
(The National Archives, Surrey, United Kingdom)
Features articles and primary source quotations describing Napoleon’s life, political context, and actions in war. The site also provides classroom materials, a timeline, and an interactive battle simulator.
(Public Broadcasting Service, Alexandria, VA)
Provides primary source documents available from Metternich and the Congress of Vienna.
(Fordham University, New York, NY)
Offers numerous articles and information on Napoleon, his era, and his legacy. This site has specific essays on the Campaign of the Hundred Days, biographies of Napoleon’s officers, Waterloo, and other topics related to the Napoleonic era. The Napoleon FAQ section is designed for student research.
(Alfons Libert, Royal Museum of the Army and Military History, Brussels, Belgium)
Be sure your answers are in your own words and not just copied from the reading.
- What were the main causes of the French Revolution? How did the Enlightenment directly affect its beginning?
- What event marked the beginning of the radical stage of the French Revolution?
- What internal and external threats did the Republic face after the execution of Louis XVI?
- What was the Great Fear and how did it influence the National Assembly?
- What were the overall effects of the French Revolution?
- How did Napoleon end the democratism of the Republic?
- How did Napoleon change French society in ways that reflected Enlightenment ideals?
- What reforms did Napoleon bring to countries under French control?
- Describe the influence/impact of the Napoleonic Code.
- How did the Enlightenment affect Latin American independence movements?
- Why was Saint Domingue important to France? What lead to revolt?
- Explain L’Ouveraure’s role in Haitian independence.
- Identify and explain the causes of the revolutions across Latin America.
- Describe the Congress of Vienna. What were the goals of the Conservatives, Liberals, and Nationalists following the Congress?
- The American Revolution began with “the shot heard ’round the world” and the French Revolution is considered to be an event that changed human history. Explain the importance of these two events and why they affected so many other countries.