The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy
The cold war refers to the period when there was a lot of tension both the military and the political between the United States and the Soviet Union after the taking place of the World
War П. It was given this name because the two powers were not engaging in any direct fight. Instead, the US Diplomacy refers to the ability of a particular country to negotiate effectively with other nations, especially on an international level. Described as the political contact, that exists between the national governments of some countries. It is very imperative as it acts as a medium through which the countries exchange the foreign policies. This assignment will be on President Ronald Reagan’s doctrine.
At the beginning of the Cold War the leaders that were ruling the United States such as Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Nixon were against the communist policies so that they could be in a position to control it. In the year 1979, President Regan rejected this policy after the invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union (Johns, 2015). The act is proof that the policies that were only containing communism alone were not sufficient. When it came to the governments that supported communism only, Regan disapproved this policy as he felt that it was compromising. He thus gave a proposal for the adoption of the roll back strategy which led to the shifting of his doctrine from containment to the elimination of all the communist government that was existing at that time. In addition to this, the United States government had the aim of increasing and also motivating the people in the country to uphold capitalism as well as a democracy so that they could be in a position to replace the existing communist regimes.
The main target of the implementation of the doctrine that belonged to President Reagan was to offer covert as well as the overt to support the guerilla warfare and other resistance movements that were by the Soviet Union to ensure maximum spreading of the agenda on the communism. At the time of the Afghanistan attack by the Soviet Union, this doctrine was already in operation. The roll back power that was being employed by the Soviet power did not experience a lot of resistance from the international community’s (Hutchings, 1997). In Congress, the supporters of the Democrats felt that the implementation of this doctrine would lead to the emergence of the nuclear war in the country and thus made attempts not to implement it. At this time, a historian referred to as Tuchman was against the doctrine that was employed by Reagan and hence advocated for the use of the stuff goose strategy. He believed that this approach would assist the Soviet Union through the provision of the consumer goods and their needs in the form of the grains.
After the war with the Afghanistan lasted for more than a year, the international community started feeling that the Soviet Union was very powerful and thus, the attempt to stop them would lead to the emergence of the nuclear war. The US was interested in the protection of the business environment so that it could encourage more investment in the private sector. It is at this moment during the meeting that General Mohammed gave his opinion that the failure of intervention by the United States would lead to the enormous economic disturbances caused by the Soviet Union. President Regan adopted and resulted from an increase in the activities of communism, but the aim of the policy established by the United States was to ensure eradication of the empire that was considered to be evil.
One of the results of the diplomatic efforts that would hit the United States as well as the other countries is that it would assist in the protection of the democratic societies. Such as the Iran, Arabian Sea capitalism, as well as the Persian Gulf among others since the expansion of the Soviets towards them, would pose a significant danger to them. The other effect is to ensure the effective control administered over the rich oil fields. It was difficult for these oil fields to be checked by the communist regime. The other effect of this is to ensure the provision of the military logistics as well as the adequate support to the armies that did not support the Soviet and the other guerrilla as well as the resistance movements (Joes, 2000). The last thing is that these US diplomatic efforts also aimed at maintaining the rich countries as private entities and not under the control of the communism.
One of the benefits that were adopted by President Reagan is that it led to the end of the cold war and therefore contributed to the attainment of the freedom by the millions of people in the United States. He had the belief that the communism would collapse and thus worked towards all ends to ensure that they could be in a position to achieve this (Lansford, 2007). One of the disadvantages that associated with the doctrine that was adopted by Reagan is that the policies that were adopted such as the offering support to the fighters were likely to lead to the fall of the country. Because not all the people who were armed by the country had similar interests. The other disadvantage is that the money, as well as the weapons in America, was employed in the killing of so many people all over the world thus leading to the creation of a negative image of the United States.
Hutchings, R. (1997). American diplomacy and the end of the Cold War: an insider’s account of U.S. policy in Europe, 1989-1992. Washington, D.C. Baltimore: Woodrow Wilson Center Press Johns Hopkins University Press.
Joes, A. (2000). America and guerrilla warfare. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.
Johns, A. (2015). A companion to Ronald Reagan. Malden, MA Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
Lansford, T. (2007). Historical dictionary of U.S. diplomacy since the Cold War. Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press.